Remote Magnetic Control of Autophagy in Mouse B-Lymphoma Cells with Iron Oxide Nanoparticles.

Affiliation

Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan. [Email]

Abstract

Autophagy is the spontaneous degradation of intracellular proteins and organelles in response to nutrient deprivation. The phagocytosis of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) results in intracellular degradation that can be exploited for use in cancer treatment. Non-invasive magnetic control has emerged as an important technology, with breakthroughs achieved in areas such as magneto-thermal therapy and drug delivery. This study aimed to regulate autophagy in mouse B-lymphoma cells (A20) through the incorporation of IONPs-quantum dots (QDs). We hypothesized that with the application of an external magnetic field after phagocytosis of IONPs-QDs, autophagy of intracellular IONPs-QDs could be regulated in a non-invasive manner and subsequently modulate the regulation of inflammatory responses. The potential of this approach as a cancer treatment method was explored. The application of IONPs and an external magnetic force enabled the non-invasive regulation of cell autophagy and modulation of the self-regulatory function of cells. The combination of non-invasive magnetic fields and nanotechnology could provide a new approach to cancer treatment.

Keywords

autophagy,iron oxide nanoparticle,magnetic field,proinflammatory cytokine,

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