Resveratrol prevents combined prenatal NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) treatment plus postnatal high-fat diet induced programmed hypertension in adult rat offspring: interplay between nutrient-sensing signals, oxidative stress and gut microbiota.


Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address: [Email]


Oxidative stress, nutrient-sensing signals, high-fat (HF) intake and dysbiosis of gut microbiota are involved in the development of hypertension, a disorder that can originate in early life. We examined whether postnatal HF diet can aggravate maternal NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) treatment-induced programmed hypertension and whether resveratrol therapy can prevent it. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats received L-NAME administration at 60 mg/kg/day subcutaneously during pregnancy alone, or with additional resveratrol (R) 50 mg/L in drinking water during the pregnancy and lactation. The offspring were onto either regular chow or HF diet (D12331) from weaning to 16 weeks of age. Male offspring rats were assigned to five groups (N=8/group): control, L-NAME, HF, L-NAME+HF and L-NAME+HF + R at weaning at 3 weeks of age. Rats were sacrificed at 16 weeks of age. We observed that postnatal HF diet exacerbates maternal L-NAME treatment-induced programmed hypertension in male adult offspring, which resveratrol attenuated. Combined L-LAME and HF diet-induced hypertension is related to increased oxidative stress, inhibiting AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/ peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α (PGC-1α) pathway and altered gut microbiota compositions. L-NAME+HF caused an increase of the Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio, which resveratrol therapy prevented. Additionally, the abundances of phylum Verrucomicrobia and genus Akkermansia were amplified by resveratrol therapy. Conclusively, our data highlighted the interactions between maternal NO deficiency, HF diet, AMPK/PGC-1α pathway and gut microbiota in which the blood pressure of adult offspring can be modified by resveratrol. Resveratrol might be a useful reprogramming strategy to prevent L-NAME and HF diet-induced hypertension of developmental origin.


Asymmetric dimethylarginine,Developmental programming,Gut microbiota,Hypertension,Nitric oxide,Nutrient-sensing signal,Resveratrol,