Right Ventricular Myocardial Stiffness and Relaxation Components by Kinematic Model-Based Transtricuspid Flow Analysis in Children and Adolescents with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.


Department of Pediatrics, Tokushima University, Tokushima, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


We hypothesized that the kinematic model-based parameters obtained from the transtricuspid E-wave would be useful for evaluating the right ventricular diastolic property in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients. The model was parametrized by stiffness/elastic recoil k, relaxation/damping c and load x. These parameters were determined as the solution of m⋅d2x/dt2 + c⋅dx/dt + kx = 0, which is based on the theory that the E-wave contour is determined by the interplay of stiffness/restoring force, damping/relaxation force and load. The PAH group had a significantly higher k and c compared with the control group (182.5 ± 72.4 g/s vs. 135.7 ± 49.5 g/s2, p = 0.0232, and 21.9 ± 6.5 g/s vs. 10.6 ± 5.2 g/s, p <0.0001, respectively). These results indicate that in the PAH group, the right ventricle had higher stiffness/elastic recoil and inferior cross-bridge relaxation. The present findings indicate the feasibility and utility of using kinematic model parameters to assess right ventricular diastolic function.


Diastolic function,Pulmonary arterial hypertension,Right ventricle,