Roseomonas coralli sp. nov., a heavy metal resistant bacterium isolated from coral.

Affiliation

Li F(1)(2), Huang Y(2), Hu W(3), Li Z(2), Wang Q(2), Huang S(2), Jiang F(1), Pan X(2).
Author information:
(1)Guangxi Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Beibu Gulf Marine Research Center, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning 530007, PR China.
(2)Guangxi Key Laboratory of Marine Natural Products and Combinatorial Biosynthesis Chemistry, Beibu Gulf Marine Research Center, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning 530007, PR China.
(3)National Engineering Research Center for Non-Food Biorefinery, State Key Laboratory of Non-Food Biomass and Enzyme Technology, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Bio-refinery, Guangxi Biomass Engineering Technology Research Center, Guangxi Academy of Sciences, Nanning, 530007, PR China.

Abstract

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, mesophilic, non-motile bacterium, designated M0104T, was isolated from a gorgonian coral collected from Xieyang island, Guangxi Province, PR China. Colonies of the strain were non-motile cocci and pink. The strain grew at 15-34 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 4.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0-4% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-2 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain M0104T was closely related to Roseomonas deserti JCM 31275T (96.2 %), Roseomonas vastitatis KCTC 62043T (96.0 %), Roseomonas aerofrigidensis JCM 31878T (95.9 %) and Roseomonas oryzae KCTC 42542T (95.7 %). The strain had an assembly size of 5.0 Mb and a G+C content of 71.0mol%. Genes involved in copper, cadmium, lead, arsenic and zinc resistance were identified in the genome of strain M0104T. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between the genome sequence of strain M0104T and those of closely related type strains were 19.4-24.9 % and 74.3-81.8 %, respectively. Strain M0104T contained C18:1 ω7c, C18:3 ω3c, anteiso C11:0 and C16:0 as the major fatty acids (>7 %) and ubiquinone Q-10 as the sole isoprenoid quinone. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine were its major polar lipids. Based on its phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties, strain M0104T is proposed to represent a novel species within the genus Roseomonas, for which the name Roseomonas coralli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M0104T (=KCTC 62359T=MCCC 1K03632T).