Rotamers of p‑isopropylphenol studied by hole-burning resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization and mass analyzed threshold ionization spectroscopy.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optic Devices, Institute of Laser Spectroscopy, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006, China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI), ultraviolet-ultraviolet (UV-UV) hole burning and mass analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy have been applied to investigate the vibrational features of p‑isopropylphenol in its first electronically excited state S1 and cationic ground state D0. Two stable conformational structures of p‑isopropylphenol are distinctly found in the supersonic molecular beam and identified as the cis and trans rotamers through REMPI and UV-UV hole burning spectroscopy. The electronic excitation energies of S1 ← S0 transition of two rotamers are determined to be 35,578 and 35,593 cm-1, and the adiabatic ionization energies are 65,331 and 65,350 cm-1, respectively. The MATI spectra recorded via different intermediate levels of S1 state indicate the similarity in the molecular geometry between the S1 state and the D0 state for each rotamer of p‑isopropylphenol. Geometrical optimizations of p‑isopropylphenol have also been performed using the density functional theory (DFT) for S0 and D0 states, and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) for S1 state. The simulated spectra for S1 ← S0 and D0 ← S1 transitions of two rotamers are able to reproduce qualitatively the experimental spectral profile, which help us to assign the vibronic modes. Most of the observed vibrations of two rotamers in the S1 and D0 states are related to the in-plane ring deformation and some active modes involving isopropyl group.

Keywords

Density functional theory,Hole-burning spectroscopy,Mass analyzed threshold ionization,Spectral simulation,p‑isopropylphenol,