SIRT1 mediates the effect of stress on hypothalamic clock genes and food intake regulators in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.


Laboratorio de Fisioloxía Animal, Departamento de Bioloxía Funcional e Ciencias da Saúde, Facultade de Bioloxía and Centro Singular de Investigación Mariña-ECIMAT, Universidade de Vigo, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]


Stress negatively affects a wide range of physiological and behavioural functions (circadian physiology and food intake, among others), thus compromising animal welfare. Cortisol mediates the effect of stress on food intake, but other mediators (such as sirtuins) may participate in that related to circadian physiology. We evaluated 1) the effect of stress on the day-night variation of hypothalamic clock genes and food intake regulators, 2) changes of mRNA abundance in cortisol biosynthesis at the head kidney, and 3) changes of glucocorticoid receptors in both tissues of rainbow trout, together with the involvement of SIRT1 in such effect. Trout receiving or not SIRT1 inhibitor (EX527) and subjected or not to stress by high stocking density (72 h), were sampled at day- (ZT10) and night-time (ZT18). Our results indicate that SIRT1 mediates the effect of stress on mRNA abundance of clock genes in trout hypothalamus, but it also influences those changes occurring on food intake-related peptides. High stocking density inhibits clock genes expression, but enhances that of food intake-related peptides. EX527 treatment prevents stress-related changes observed in clock genes, thus evidencing a key role played by SIRT1 in mediating this effect on trout circadian oscillators. On the other hand, EX527 treatment partially prevents changes of food intake-related peptides, indicating that an interaction between SIRT1 and other mediators (such as cortisol) exists during response to stress. In support of that, our results reveal that SIRT1 influences cortisol biosynthesis during stress. Whatever the case is, further research will help understanding the underlying mechanisms involved.


Clock genes,EX527,Food intake,SIRT1,Stress,