SPS technique for ionizing radiation source fabrication based on dense cesium-containing core.


Institute of Chemistry, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 159, Prosp. 100-letiya Vladivostoka, Vladivostok, 690022, Russia; Far Eastern Federal University, 8, Sukhanova St., Vladivostok, 690091, Russia. Electronic address: [Email]


The work presents a novel method for fabrication of the high-quality ionizing radiation source (IRS), which is promising to replace unsafe commercial products based on 137CsCl prohibited by IAEA. Spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique has been applied to produce dense ceramic and glass-ceramic matrixes from Cs-containing (˜13.5 wt.%) zeolite yielding in non-dispersible cores sealed in the container of radiation-resistant steel (J93503, US standard). One-stage SPS regimes to provide high-quality product have been optimized: sintering temperature <1000 °C, heating and holging duration 13 and 5 min, respectively, pressure 24.5 MPa. XRD, SEM, EDX, BET, XFS and solid-state MAS NMR 133Cs methods prove exceptional physico-chemical and mechanical characteristics of the obtained materials, namely: density 99.8% from theoretical, compressive strength ˜477 MPa, leaching rate 10-4-10-6 g cm-2 day-1. Results of the investigation can be promising for fabrication of the IRS cores on a large scale as done for similar Russian products RSL, IGI-C, M37C, GID-C.


Ceramics and glass-ceramics,Hydrolytic stability,Immobilization,Ionizing radiation sources,Natural zeolite,Radiocesium,Radionuclides,Spark plasma sintering,

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