SQUAMOSA promoter-binding protein-like 7 mediates copper deficiency response in the presence of high nitrogen in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Affiliation

Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan. [Email]

Abstract

UNASSIGNED : SQUAMOSA promoter-binding protein-like 7 mediates copper deficiency response in the presence of high nitrogen even with the sufficient level of copper in Arabidopsis thaliana. Under copper (Cu) deficiency, accumulation of mRNA encoding two Cu/Zn superoxide dismutases, CSD1 and CSD2, is downregulated to save Cu for plastocyanin. This downregulation depends on miR398 and is under the control of SQUAMOSA promoter-binding protein-like7 (SPL7). Arabidopsis seedlings are routinely cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium. However, the high nitrogen (N) content of the medium (60 mM) has been shown to induce a similar response to Cu deficiency. The mRNA and protein levels of CSD1 and CSD2 are reduced under high N conditions, even if the Cu concentration in the medium is sufficient (0.1-0.5 µM). In this study, we show that this symptom, similar to the Cu deficiency, occurred in the presence of high N largely depending on SPL7, suggesting that plants actually sensed Cu deficiency. However, a change in N concentration in the medium did not influence the total Cu concentration in shoots or roots. High N did not increase the protein content in leaves but facilitated rapid seedling growth. We speculate that this rapid growth causes a continuous Cu deficiency mainly because of high Cu uptake by mesophyll cells in the leaves. This idea was supported by the observation that plastocyanin did not overaccumulate at the range of 0.1-0.5 µM Cu with 30 mM N. In contrast, in the presence of 5 µM Cu with 30 mM N, plants accumulate more Cu in plastocyanin in the thylakoid lumen, resulting in a slight Cu deficiency in the chloroplast stroma. This process is independent of SPL7.

Keywords

Arabidopsis thaliana,Copper deficiency,Crosstalk,Nitrogen,SPL7,