Separation and preparation of N-glycans based on ammonia-catalyzed release method.

Affiliation

The College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, 710069, China. [Email]

Abstract

The study of carbohydrates requires large amounts of glycans. N-Glycans can be synthesized but generating large quantities of N-glycans with diverse structures remains difficult. In this study, we aimed to obtain large amounts of glycans using an optimized procedure. Two types of reductive N-glycans were released from chicken egg albumin (ovalbumin) and soy protein using an ammonia catalysis method and labeled with benzenesulfonyl hydrazide (BSH). After preliminary separation by preparative HPLC, N-glycan-BSH components were de-labeled separately and reducing N-glycans were recovered. The de-labeled reducing N-glycans were derived with different labeling reagents and further separated and purified with two/multi-dimensional HPLC for various studies. We selected the bifunctional reagent 2-amino-N-(2-aminoethyl)-benzamide (AEAB) as a labeling reagent combined with C18 column for two-dimensional HPLC separation. A total of 21 and 8 N-glycan-AEAB conjugates were obtained from ovalbumin and soy protein, respectively. A reactive primary alkylamine of N-glycan-AEAB conjugates can be effectively immobilized on microarray surfaces, allowing for subsequent functional studies of glycans.

Keywords

Ammonia catalysis,High-performance liquid chromatography,Preparation,Reducing N-glycan,

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