Significance of preoperative right ventricular function on mid-term outcomes after surgical ventricular restoration for ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Affiliation

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Miyazaki Medical Association Hospital, Miyazaki, Japan. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To analyze our surgical experiences with surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) for dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and to determine the significance of preoperative right ventricular (RV) function on outcomes.
RESULTS : This study retrospectively analyzed 19 patients who underwent SVR between April 2010 and May 2016. Their mean age and New York Heart Association functional class were 62 ± 11 years and 2.9 ± 0.8, respectively. The preoperative mean left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume index and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) were 134 ± 56 mL/m2 and 24 ± 7%, respectively. The preoperative mean RV fractional area change (RVFAC) to quantify RV systolic function was 33 ± 13%, as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. The mean follow-up period was 47 ± 20 months. Three patients died of cardiac causes during the follow-up, with the 3-year and 5-year freedoms from cardiac-related death of 89% and 79%, respectively. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) occurred in ten patients, with the 3-year and 5-year MACE-free survival rates of 58% and 41%, respectively. RVFAC (risk ratio [RR] = 0.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.86-0.98, p = 0.01) and LVEF (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.68-0.97, p = 0.02) were significant predictors of MACEs in the multivariate analysis. Patients with RVFAC of < 35% had significantly poorer MACE-free survival rates (33% at 3 years) than those with RVFAC of ≥ 35% (80% at 3 years).
CONCLUSIONS : SVR for ICM provided acceptable freedom from cardiac-related death; however, MACEs commonly occurred and was associated with RV dysfunction.

Keywords

Ischemic cardiomyopathy,RVFAC,Surgical ventricular restoration,preoperative right ventricular function,