School of Resource & Environmental Sciences, Hubei Key Laboratory of Biomass-Resources Chemistry and Environmental Biotechnology, Hubei Research Center of Environment Remediation Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, China. [Email]
Co-contamination with heavy metals and pesticides is a severe environmental problem, but little information is available regarding the simultaneous removal of these pollutants. In this study, we showed that Aspergillus sydowii strain PA F-2 isolated from soil contaminated with heavy metal and pesticides can simultaneously degrade trichlorfon (TCF) and adsorb Cd(II) from mineral salt medium. The maximum removal rates for TCF and Cd(II) were 55.52% and 57.90%, respectively, in the treatment containing 100 mg L-1 TCF and 2 mg L-1 Cd(II). As the initial Cd(II) concentration increased (2, 5, and 10 mg L-1), the PA F-2 biomass, TCF degradation rate, and Cd(II) adsorption efficiency decreased, whereas the Cd(II) adsorption capacity by PA F-2 increased. The addition of exogenous glucose and sucrose significantly increased the PA F-2 biomass as well as the removal of TCF and Cd(II). Moreover, the TCF degradation pathway and Cd(II) adsorption mechanism were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. These results suggest that PA F-2 has potential applications in the bioremediation of TCF and Cd(II) co-contamination.