Simultaneous valorization of polyvinyl chloride and eggshell wastes by a semi-industrial mechanochemical approach.

Affiliation

Department of Mechanochemistry, Institute of Geotechnics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 45, 04001 Košice, Slovakia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

A semi-industrial approach for simultaneous treatment of eggshell and industrial polyvinyl chloride waste utilizing tools of ball milling is reported therein. On a hundred-gram scale, it is possible to transfer more than 55% of chlorine present in the polyvinyl chloride representing an environmental burden, into harmless soluble form. On a laboratory scale, a complete dechlorination was achieved. The ratio of eggshell-to-polyvinyl chloride plays a significant role for the effective dechlorination and the kinetics of semi-industrial process follows zero-order kinetics with the rate constant 1.23 × 10-5 s-1. Chlorine is mainly in the form of calcium chloride. This study is an example of efficient simultaneous valorization of two waste materials on a semi-industrial scale, as the products can be utilized again.

Keywords

Eggshell,Mechanochemistry,PVC,Waste valorization,