Skimmed milk as an alternative for IPTG in induction of recombinant protein expression.


Department of Genomics and Genetic Engineering, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]


Cost-effectiveness is an important issue in biotechnological manufacturing industry and using alternative cheap materials with the same benefits has been noticed in most literatures. Isopropyl β-d-1-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG), a well-known chemical element for induction of protein expression, has several disadvantages such as high expense and toxicity. In this study, we aimed to introduce skimmed milk as an alternative material for protein expression by induction of lac operon. In this way, Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) bacteria were induced using 1 mM IPTG or 1.0% (w/v) skimmed milk. Protein purification was performed using Ni-NTA (nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid) for His-tagged recombinant proteins and protein purity was evaluated by SDS-PAGE. Results showed high level of recombinant protein expression using skimmed milk, and interestingly, the growth rate of bacteria improved. Our findings suggested that skimmed milk can be a suitable alternative for induction of recombinant protein expression, which has advantages such as more availability and affordability, in comparison to IPTG supplementation.


E. coli,IPTG,Lac operon,Protein expression,Skimmed milk,

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