Socioeconomic differences in the associations between diabetes and hospital admission and mortality among older adults in Europe.

Author

Beatriz Rodríguez-Sánchez

Affiliation

Department of Economic Analysis, University of Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explain the trends in socioeconomic inequality and diabetes outcomes in terms of hospital admission and death in old European people. The sample includes 73,301 individuals, across 16 European countries taken from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). People being diagnosed of diabetes were more likely to be admitted to hospital than those without diabetes, although its effect dropped after controlling for clinical and functional complications. Largest asscociations were observed in women, people aged 50-65 years old, with medium educational level and medium household income. Diabetes was significant and positively related to mortality in the whole sample. Diabetes is significantly associated with mortality risk especially in males, oldest old people, low education and medium income people. These findings have important implications for public policies to reduce socioeconomic-related health inequalities.

Keywords

Chronic disease,Death,Diabetes,Hospital admission,Older people,Socio economic factors,