Solubility, uptake, and translocation of BDE 47 as affected by DOM extracted from agricultural wastes.

Affiliation

School of Water Conservancy and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan, Shandong, China. [Email]

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) extracted from wheat straw (SDOM) and cow manure (MDOM) were used to investigate their effects on the solubilization, uptake, and translocation of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47). Partition coefficients (KDOC) of BDE 47 between water and the two types of DOM were measured by the solubility enhancement method. The uptake and translocation of BDE 47 by wheat plants were explored by hydroponic exposure experiments. In the range of 0 to 100 mg/L of DOM, the solubility of BDE 47 increased with increasing concentrations of DOM. The log [KDOC] values of BDE 47 in SDOM and MDOM solutions were 5.77 and 5.31, respectively. The log [KDOC] values of BDE 47 in SDOM solutions were higher than those in MDOM solutions, which might be ascribed to the higher content of aliphatic carbon and lower molecular weight of SDOM. The addition of DOM (50 mg/L) significantly increased the accumulation of BDE 47 in the shoots of wheat plants. Wheat straw DOM had greater effect than MDOM in enhancing the accumulation of BDE 47. This study demonstrated the potential risk of BDE 47 to plants resulting from DOM-facilitated transport or the changes in metabolic properties.

Keywords

Agricultural waste,Dissolved organic matter,PBDEs,Solubilization,Translocation,