Spastin Contributes to Neural Development through the Regulation of Microtubule Dynamics in the Primary Cilia of Neural Stem Cells.

Affiliation

Rare Disease Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), 125 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34141, South Korea; Department of Functional Genomics, KRIBB School of Bioscience, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, South Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Spastin is a microtubule-severing enzyme encoded by SPAST, which is broadly expressed in various cell types originated from multiple organs. Even though SPAST is well known as a regulator of the axon growth and arborization in neurons and a genetic factor of hereditary spastic paraplegia, it also takes part in a wide range of other cellular functions including the regulation of cell division and proliferation. In this study, we investigated a novel biological role of spastin in developing brain using Spast deficient mouse embryonic neural stem cells (NSCs) and perinatal mouse brain. We found that the expression of spastin begins at early embryonic stages in mouse brain. Using Spast shRNA treated NSCs and mouse brain, we showed that Spast deficiency leads to decrease of NSC proliferation and neuronal lineage differentiation. Finally, we found that spastin controls NSC proliferation by regulating microtubule dynamics in primary cilia. Collectively, these data demonstrate that spastin controls brain development by the regulation of NSC functions at early developmental stages.

Keywords

brain development,microtubule,neural stem cell,primary cilia,spastin,

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