Stillbirth as the primary manifestation of disseminated tuberculosis in a young immunocompetent mother with multiple perforations of the ileum.

Affiliation

Rajput D(1), Gupta A(2), Roshan R(2), Kumar A(3).
Author information:
(1)General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences - Rishikesh, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India [Email]
(2)General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences - Rishikesh, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.
(3)Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences - Rishikesh, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB), a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, is particularly relevant in low/middle-income countries like India, where the disease is endemic. The female reproductive system is very vulnerable to this infection with, the clinical presentation being utterly silent in most patients. Symptoms of TB in pregnancy may initially be attributed to the gravidity itself besides temporary concealment of associated weight loss by the normally occurring weight gain during the pregnancy. Untreated TB may cause pregnancy loss by either placental damage or direct harm to both the mother and child. We report a case of latent disseminated TB in a young immunocompetent female that was revealed in the postpartum state (after full-term stillbirth delivery at home) as 20 ileal perforations secondary to intestinal TB. Due to ongoing sepsis and delayed presentation to the hospital, the patient could not be salvaged despite the best possible efforts.