Structurally diverse sesquiterpenoids and polyketides from a sponge-associated fungus Aspergillus sydowii SCSIO41301.


CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Marine MateriaMedica, RNAM Center for Marine Microbiology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Five new compounds, including one bisabolane-type sesquiterpenoids, namely aspergillusene D (1), two new xanthones (2 and 3), and two new catecholderivatives (4 and 5), together with fourteen known compounds (6-19), were isolated and identified from the fungus Aspergillus sydowiiSCSIO 41,301 from the sponge Phakellia fusca. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Most of the isolated compounds (1-3, and 6-19) were evaluated for their antiviral, cytotoxic, and antibacterial activities. Among them, new compounds 2 and 3 displayed obvious selective inhibitory activities against two influenza A virus subtypes, including A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1) and A/FM-1/1/47 (H1N1), with IC50 values ranging from 2.17 ± 1.39 to 4.70 ± 1.11 μM.


Antiviral activity,Aspergillus sydowii,Sesquiterpenoid,Xanthone,

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