Study of X-ray scattered in a phantom as function of its maximum energy during bimodal PET/CT imaging.

Affiliation

Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja-Boyacá, Colombia; Centro de Cancerología de Boyacá, Tunja-Boyacá, Colombia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In a simultaneous Bimodal System with Positron Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography, the X-rays from a collimated X-ray tube are scattered over an anatomical region on the patient being scanning and cause a contamination effect on the signal received by the detectors distributed in the shape of a ring of the PET system. To study this phenomenon, each of the components of a bimodal system was modeled and simulated by the Monte Carlo method in Geant4 an X-ray beam produced in a RTW tube MCBM 65B with typical fluences used in medical diagnosis of small animals hitting a cylindrical phantom with a diameter greater than Field of View (FOV) in the tomographic center. The number of ionization events that occur in each of the phoswich detectors of the PET were obtained, the spatial distribution of the scattered X-rays was studied according to three maximum energies of the spectrum and calculation was made to find a filter that was located at the input of the phoswich detector that attenuates the X-rays by 98% and that would allow transmitting the gamma rays of annihilation also by 98%. For this, simulations were carried out using various filter materials, finding that copper is an excellent candidate and were found an optimum thicknesses between 0.5 mm and 1.3 mm, according to the average energy of the X-rays used in the different exploration techniques.

Keywords

Bimodal system,CT,Monte Carlo simulation,PET,Phoswich,X-rays,

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