Sulfated polysaccharides from the edible marine algae Padina tetrastromatica attenuates isoproterenol-induced oxidative damage via activation of PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway - An in vitro and in vivo approach.


Department of Biochemistry, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. Electronic address: [Email]


The reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced oxidative stress is an inevitable factor for the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The edible marine algae-derived sulfated polysaccharides gained special attention as novel bioactive compounds having potential pharmacological activities. The present study evaluated in vitro and in vivo cardioprotective properties of sulfated polysaccharides from the edible brown marine algae Padina tetrastromatica (PSPS) against isoproterenol (ISO) induced cardiac damage. The cardioprotective properties of PSPS were first evaluated in H9c2 cardiac myoblasts and the results were confirmed by in vivo studies conducted in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The biochemical parameters, histopathological analysis, mRNA expressions, and ELISA studies indicated that PSPS significantly decreased (p < 0.05) the cardiac damage induced by ISO by reducing lipid peroxidation and improving antioxidant status, both in vitro and in vivo, via modulating PI3k/Akt/Nrf2 signaling pathway. The histopathological evidence further reinforced our findings and highlighted the promising cardioprotective activities offered by PSPS.


Antioxidant,Cardioprotection,Nrf2,Padina tetrastromatica,Sulfated polysaccharides,