Synchronous Vibration Measurements for Shrouded Blades Based on Fiber Optical Sensors with Lenses in a Steam Turbine.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments; Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. [Email]

Abstract

It is important to obtain accurate dynamic vibrations of steam turbine blades for safe operation. Strain gauge (SG) measurements cannot fully obtain vibrations of all blades and nodal diameter (ND) details. The blade tip timing (BTT) technique could resolve this problem because it has the advantage of measuring all blades' vibrations. This article proposed an improved BTT technique for measuring synchronous vibrations of shrouded blades in a steam turbine based on fiber optical sensors with lenses. The newly developed sensor was equipped with a Plano-convex lens, and the optical path was specifically designed to collimate the beam within a large working distance from 4 to 19 mm and improve the measuring accuracy. A method to search the spectra of all peak vibration amplitudes of all the blades was proposed to obtain the ND details of synchronous vibration. Experimental results validated the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed methods and sensors. Comparison results of BTT measurements with SG measurements showed that the relative errors of normalized frequency and strain were small and acceptable.

Keywords

blade tip timing,blade vibration measurement,fiber optical sensor,nodal diameter,shrouded blades,steam turbine,

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