Synthesis, in vitro and cellular antioxidant activity evaluation of novel peptides derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein hydrolysate: structure-function relationship : Antioxidant activity and synthetic peptides.


Department of Food Science and Technology, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. [Email]


The relationship between structure and function of primary antioxidant peptide, YR-10 (YGKPVAVPAR) was considered by synthesizing three analogues including YHR-10 (YGKHVAVHAR), GA-8 (GKPVAVPA) and PAR-3 (PAR). Antioxidant activity was determined through in vitro and cellular assays. Substitution of Pro with His in the structure of YR-10 led to significant (P < 0.05) higher ABTS radical scavenging and ferric reducing activity. Following in silico simulated gastrointestinal digestion, Tyr and Arg were omitted, respectively, from N and C-terminal positions and resulted in decreasing DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging, and ferric reducing activities. PAR-3 showed the best inhibitory activity on linoleic acid oxidation. Pretreatment of Caco-2 cells with YR-10, YHR-10, and GA-8 (1000 µM) before exposure to H2O2 (160 µM) resulted in 34.10%, 39.66% and 29.159% reduction in malondialdehyde and 53.52%, 17.02% and 24.71% reduction in protein carbonyl levels. The peptide pretreatment reduced catalase level in cells and PAR-3 exhibited the most protective effects on the viability of cells exposed to oxidative stress.


Antioxidant activity,Caco-2 cells,Structure–function,Synthetic peptides,