Synthesis and biological evaluation of bromophenol derivatives with cyclopropyl moiety: Ring opening of cyclopropane with monoester.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ataturk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Trans-(1R*,2R*,3R*)-Ethyl 2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-3-methylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate (6) and its cis isomer 7 were obtained from the reaction of the methyl isoeugenol (5) with ethyl diazoacetate. The reduction and bromination reactions of the ester 6 and 7 together with the hydrolysis of all esters were carried out. Opening ring of cyclopropane was observed in the reaction of 7 with bromine. The opening of cyclopropane ring with COOR and synthesis of esters, alcohols and acids (6-26) are new. These obtained bromophenol derivatives (6-26) were effective inhibitors of the cytosolic carbonic anhydrase I and II isoforms (hCA I and II) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzymes with Ki values in the range of 7.8 ± 0.9-58.3 ± 10.3 nM for hCA I, 43.1 ± 16.7-150.2 ± 24.1 nM for hCA II, and 159.6 ± 21.9-924.2 ± 104.8 nM for AChE, respectively. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are the most popular drugs applied in the treatment of diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, senile dementia, and ataxia, among others.

Keywords

Acetylcholinesterase,Bromination,Bromophenol,Carbonic anhydrase,Cyclopropane,Enzyme inhibition,

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