TARBP2 promotes tumor angiogenesis and metastasis by destabilizing antiangiogenic factor mRNAs.

Affiliation

Zhou M(1), Lu W(2), Li B(2), Liu X(2), Li A(2).
Author information:
(1)Department of Endocrinology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, The 4th Clinical Medical College of Peking University, Beijing, China.
(2)Institute of Microcirculation, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Abstract

Tumor angiogenesis is a crucial step in the further growth and metastasis of solid tumors. However, its regulatory mechanism remains unclear. Here, we showed that TARBP2, an RNA-binding protein, played a role in promoting tumor-induced angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo through degrading the mRNAs of antiangiogenic factors, including thrombospondin1/2 (THBS1/2), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP1), and serpin family F member 1 (SERPINF1), by targeting their 3'untranslated regions (3'UTRs). Overexpression of TARBP2 promotes tumor cell-induced angiogenesis, while its knockdown inhibits tumor angiogenesis. Clinical cohort analysis revealed that high expression level of TARBP2 was associated with poor survival of lung cancer and breast cancer patients. Mechanistically, TARBP2 physically interacts with the stem-loop structure located in the 3'UTR of antiangiogenic transcripts, leading to mRNA destabilization by the dsRNA-binding domains 1/2 (dsRBDs1/2). Notably, the expression level of TARBP2 in human tumor tissue is negatively correlated with the expression of antiangiogenic factors, including THBS1/2, and brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI1). Moreover, TARBP2 expression is strongly associated with tumor angiogenesis in a group of human lung cancer samples. Collectively, our results highlight that TARBP2 is a novel tumor angiogenesis regulator that could promote tumor angiogenesis by selectively downregulating antiangiogenic gene expression.