Temperament and self-esteem in high-risk offspring of bipolar parents: Vulnerability and scar effects.


University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: [Email]


The nature of the temporal relationship between psychological factors and mood episodes is unclear. The objectives of this study were to determine if temperament and self-esteem predict the onset of mood episodes, and if prior mood episodes influence the stability of these factors over time in high-risk offspring of bipolar parents.


Bipolar disorder,Mood disorders,Self-esteem,Temperament,