The Effect of Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) on the Release and Distribution of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals (Edcs) from Sediment under Hydrodynamic Forces, A Case Study of Bisphenol A (BPA) and Nonylphenol (NP).
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that exist in the aquatic system bring severe environmental risks. In this study, we investigate the dissolved organic matter (DOM) effect on the release and distribution of EDCs under varied hydrodynamic conditions. A water chamber mesocosm was designed to simulate the hydrodynamic forces in a shallow lake. The contents of bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) in colloid-bound and soluble phases were measured under four increasing hydrodynamic intensities that were 5%, 20%, 50%, and 80% of the critical shear stress. The total BPA and NP contents in overlying water grew linearly with the hydrodynamic intensity (R2 = 0.997 and 0.987), from 108.28 to 415.92 ng/L of BPA and 87.73 to 255.52 ng/L of NP. The exponential relationships of EDC content and hydrodynamic intensity in soluble phase (R2 = 0.985 of BPA and 0.987 of NP) and colloid phase (R2 = 0.992 of BPA and 0.995 of NP) were also detected. The DOM concentrations in colloid-bound phase (cDOM) and in soluble phase (sDOM) were measured and the linear relationships with BPA content (R2 = 0.967 of cDOM and 0.989 of sDOM) and NP content (R2 = 0.978 of cDOM and 0.965 of sDOM) were detected. We analyzed the ratio (αDOM) of sDOM and cDOM that grew logarithmically with the hydrodynamic intensity (R2 = 0.999). Moreover, the ratio (αEDCs) of BPA and NP contents in soluble and colloid-bound phases varied differently with αDOM. The results suggested that BPA tended to be in the soluble phase and NP tended to be in the colloid-bound phase due to the increasing value of αDOM.