The Improvement Effect and Mechanism of Longitudinal Ultrasonic Vibration on the Injection Molding Quality of a Polymeric Micro-Needle Array.


State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology & Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. [Email]


A polymeric micro-needle array with high quality has been fabricated using a longitudinal ultrasonic-assisted micro-injection molding (LUμIM) method. To realize the practicability and stability in actual industrial processing, this paper is aimed at studying the improvement mechanism of ultrasonic vibration on the molding quality. The melt-filling process in the micro-needle array cavity is simulated, and the improvement effect of ultrasonic vibration is discussed. The enhancement effect of ultrasonic vibration on material properties of polypropylene and polymethylmethacrylate parts are experimentally investigated. The results show that in the manufacturing of the micro-needle array part using LUμIM, the mold-filling quality is improved by the enhanced melt filling capability and pressure compensation effect, which are caused by the increased corner viscosity gradient, reduced the filling time and melt viscosity under ultrasonic vibration. Material properties of both the semi-crystalline polymer and amorphous polymer could be enhanced by the transformation of micromorphology. It is proved that for a semi-crystalline polymer, this novel method could be employed as a material properties enhancement method, and an optimal excitation voltage of ultrasonic vibration is obtained to achieve the best material properties.


micro-injection molding,micro-needle array,polymer material properties,polymer rheology,ultrasonic vibration,