The impact of thrombocytopenia on prognosis of HBV-related small hepatocellular carcinoma: a propensity score matching analysis.

Affiliation

Peng W(1), Li C(1), Zhang X(1), Wen T(1), Chen Z(2).
Author information:
(1)Department of Liver Surgery & Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.
(2)Department of Liver Surgery & Liver Transplantation Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China. [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia was reported both detrimental and advantageous to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there is little evidence showing clearly the clinical value of preoperative thrombocytopenia on the surgical outcome of patients with small HCC. This retrospective study aimed at elucidating the correlation between preoperative thrombocytopenia and surgical outcome of small HCC patients within Milan criteria treated with liver resection. METHODS: Data of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related small HCC patients were retrospectively analyzed, and we performed the propensity score matching (PSM) analysis to overcome the imbalance of clinicopathological features. Patients enrolled were subsequently categorized into two groups according to preoperative platelet counts: thrombocytopenia group and non-thrombocytopenia group. Survival outcomes of the patients in both groups were described with the Kaplan-Meier method, and the difference was compared with a log-rank test. Cox regression analysis was applied to identify the risk factors of surgical outcome. RESULTS: After PSM, the estimated 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates for small HCC patients in the thrombocytopenia group were 94.5%, 77.0%, and 57.6%, and 95.0%, 79.6%, and 68.0%, respectively, for small HCC patients in the non-thrombocytopenia group (P = 0.042). And the 1-, 3-, and 5-year estimated recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates for small HCC patients in the thrombocytopenia group were 70.4%, 51.0%, and 42.1%, and 83.8%, 63.7%, and 46.7%, respectively, for small HCC patients in the non-thrombocytopenia group (P = 0.035). Multivariate analysis indicated preoperative thrombocytopenia was a significant prognosticator of poor RFS (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.388, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.028~1.874, P = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Preoperative thrombocytopenia had an undesirable impact on the recurrence of small HCC patients treated with liver resection.