The mitochondrial heme metabolon: Insights into the complex(ity) of heme synthesis and distribution.


Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, United States; Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, United States; Augusta University-University of Georgia, Medical Partnership, Athens, GA 30602, United States. Electronic address: [Email]


Heme is an essential cofactor in metazoans that is also toxic in its free state. Heme is synthesized by most metazoans and must be delivered to all cellular compartments for incorporation into a variety of hemoproteins. The heme biosynthesis enzymes have been proposed to exist in a metabolon, a protein complex consisting of interacting enzymes in a metabolic pathway. Metabolons enhance the function of enzymatic pathways by creating favorable microenvironments for pathway enzymes and intermediates, facilitating substrate transport, and providing a scaffold for interactions with other pathways, signaling molecules, or organelles. Herein we detail growing evidence for a mitochondrial heme metabolon and discuss its implications for the study of heme biosynthesis and cellular heme homeostasis.


Anemia,Heme,Heme Biosynthesis,Metabolon,Porphyria,