The reduction of nitrobenzene by extracellular electron transfer facilitated by Fe-bearing biochar derived from sewage sludge.

Affiliation

Lu Y(1), Xie Q(2), Tang L(3), Yu J(2), Wang J(2), Yang Z(2), Fan C(2), Zhang S(2).
Author information:
(1)College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, China. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, China.
(3)College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this work, the incorporation of Fe-bearing sludge-derived biochar greatly enhanced both biotic and abiotic reduction of nitrobenzene (NB) to aniline, which was attributed to the concomitant microbial dissimilatory iron reduction. Biogenic Fe(II) produced by Geobacter sulfurreducens dominated the anaerobic reduction of NB following the pseudo-first-order kinetic. Besides, the increase of pyrolysis temperature from 600 to 900 ℃ to generate biochar resulted in an accelerated removal rate of NB in Geobacter-biochar combined system. The morphology and structural characterization of biochar with G. sulfurreducens confirmed the formation of conductive bacteria-biochar aggregates. Electrochemical measurements suggested the presence of graphitized domains and quinone-like moieties in biochar as redox-active centers, which might play an important role in accelerating electron transfer for microbial dissimilatory iron reduction and NB degradation. This study provides a feasible way of using Fe-bearing sludge as a valuable feedstock for biochar generation and its application with electrochemically active bacteria for the bioremediation of nitroaromatic compounds-polluted wastewater.