The state of research on cyberattacks against hospitals and available best practice recommendations: a scoping review.


Institute of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Campus Biotech, Chemin des Mines 9, 1202, Geneva, Switzerland. [Email]


The health sector has quickly become a target for cyberattacks. Hospitals are especially sensitive to these sorts of attacks as any disruption in operations or even disclosure of patient personal information can have far-reaching consequences. The objective of this study was to map the available literature on cyberattacks on hospitals and to identify the different domains of research, while extracting the recommendations and guidelines put forth in the literature.


Cyberattacks,Cybersecurity recommendations,Hospital cybersecurity,Medical device security,