Engineering Research Center of Bio-process, Ministry of Education, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China; School of Food and Biological Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Three coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) species were investigated for gene expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and the ability of nitrosomyoglobin (NO-Mb) formation in a dry sausage model without nitrite addition. The expression of nos gene was systematically proven from DNA to RNA to protein, and nitric oxide (NO) generation was also directly detected. In the dry sausage model system, the redness (a*-values) of samples inoculated with the three CNS species were higher than those inoculated with Pediococcus pentosaceus and the control (P < 0.05). The results from UV-vis and electron spin resonance spectroscopies revealed that pentacoordinate NO-Mb was formed in the sausages with either CNS or nitrite added. The sausage inoculated with Staphylococcus vitulinus had the highest NO-Mb content among the CNS-treated sausages. Dimer interface residues and phosphorylation sites of NOS in . itulinus differ from the other two CNS species as revealed by amino acid sequences, which may be responsible for the different catalytic activities.