Toxicogenetic of tebuconazole based fungicide through Lactuca sativa bioassays.

Affiliation

Aragão FB(1), Duarte ID(2), Fantinato DE(3), Galter IN(4), Silveira GL(5), Dos Reis GB(6), Andrade-Vieira LF(7), Matsumoto ST(8).
Author information:
(1)Departamento of Biological Sciences, Center of Human and Natural Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES 29075-910, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Departamento of Biological Sciences, Center of Human and Natural Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES 29075-910, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(3)Departamento of Biological Sciences, Center of Human and Natural Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES 29075-910, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(4)Departamento of Biological Sciences, Center of Human and Natural Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES 29075-910, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(5)Departamento of Biology, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, MG 37200-000, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(6)Departamento of Biology, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, MG 37200-000, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(7)Departamento of Biology, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, MG 37200-000, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]
(8)Departamento of Biological Sciences, Center of Human and Natural Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, ES 29075-910, Brasil. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The rampant use of pesticides can cause serious environmental problems. They can be contaminating surface water and groundwater, affecting the surrounding micro and macro biota. In this sense, this work aimed to evaluate the effects of a tebuconazole-based fungicide through endpoints accessed in Lactuca sativa bioassays. Germinated-seeds with roots upon 2 mm were treated with a fungicide containing Tebuconazole (TBZ) as active compound. The final concentration of TBZ in the tested solutions were 0.025 (C1); 0.05 (C2); 0.1 (C3); 0.2 (C4) and 0.4 g/L (C5). L. sativa roots were exposed for 24 h to these solutions and Petri dishes containing the treated seeds were kept in incubation chamber at 24 °C. Two positive controls (PC,) the herbicide trifluralin (0.84 mg/L) and Methanesulfonate (4 ×10-4 mol/L), were applied. Distilled water was negative control (NC). The following endpoints were analyzed: root growth (RG), cytogenotoxic potential by cell cycle analysis, induction of DNA damage through TUNEL and comet assays. The obtained data were submitted to one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) and then to Tukey or Kruskal Wallis (P < 0.05) tests. The concentrations (C1, C2, C4 and C5) affected negatively the RG of L. sativa, in comparison with the NC. The mitotic index was reduced by 25% from NC to C1 and in the rest of treatments it did not present significant modifications. However, from C3 to C5 great amount of chromosome alterations were observed, in comparison with the NC. TBZ-based fungicide also induced DNA fragmentation as measured by TUNEL and comet assays. Thus, TBZ-based fungicide in some concentrations can have phytotoxic, cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in roots and meristematic cells of L. sativa.