Toxicological evaluations of colostrum ultrafiltrate.

Affiliation

AIBMR Life Sciences, Inc., 2800 East Madison Street, Suite 202, Seattle, WA 98112, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Colostrum has been consumed safely for many years as a food collected directly from cows. More recently, an ultrafiltrated bovine colostrum product has been developed; however, its safety in toxicology studies has not been extensively evaluated. To assess the safety of bovine colostrum ultrafiltrate, in accordance with internationally accepted standards, the genotoxic potential was investigated in a bacterial reverse mutation test, an in vitro chromosomal aberration test, and an in vivo mammalian micronucleus test. No mutagenicity or genotoxic activity was observed in these three tests. A 90-day repeated-dose oral toxicity study in Hsd.Han Wistar rats was conducted at doses of 0, 1050, 2100, and 4200 mg/kg bw/day by gavage. After 90 days of continuous exposure, no mortality or treatment-related adverse effects were observed, and no target organs were identified. The no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) was determined to be 4200 mg/kg bw/day, the highest dose tested.

Keywords

Colostrum,Mutagenicity,NOAEL,Safety,Toxicity,

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