Transition support for new graduate nurses to rural and remote practice: A scoping review.

Affiliation

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, 61 University Drive, Logan, QLD 4114, Australia; Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia; Retrieval Services Queensland, Aeromedical Retrieval and Disaster Management Branch, Queensland Health, Level 7, 33 Charlotte Street, Brisbane, Queensland 4000, Australia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : New graduate nurses undertaking transition to practice encounter enormous challenges in their first year, and this is expounded in rural and remote locations. In rural and remote settings where geographical isolation and inadequate resources impact health care delivery, there is a perceived shortage of support systems to assist new graduate nurses to transition smoothly, with reported negative effects for all staff and on recruitment and retention.
OBJECTIVE : To investigate what transition support was reported for new graduate nurses to function effectively in rural and remote settings.
METHODS : A study protocol was developed using principles for scoping reviews that have been developed over the past fifteen years.
METHODS : CINAHL, Medline, Proquest, Embase, Informit, PubMed, and Science Direct were systematically searched according to a predetermined search strategy.
METHODS : Search terms included New Graduate AND Rural OR Remote AND Education. Studies were selected according to an inclusion and exclusion criteria. Three reviewers were involved in independent screening of articles. The degree of agreement for an article to be included was based on a Kappa score calculation for inter-rater reliability.
RESULTS : Of the 662 articles searched, 13 met the inclusion criteria and their findings synthesised to form this review. Three overarching themes (and a number of subthemes) were identified within the context of rural and remote nursing workforce development, and included: new graduates' support needs, multifaceted support strategies and recruitment and retention strategies.
CONCLUSIONS : Challenges faced by new graduate nurses when transitioning to practice are exacerbated in most rural and remote settings due to resourcing, lack of structured support programs, lack of training for support staff to mentor and give feedback and this impacts on recruitment and retention as well. Structured, well supported transition programs that provide flexible support are urgently required in these settings.

Keywords

Health resources,New graduate nurses,Nursing education,Nursing staff,Rural health personnel,

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