Transition to Self-Management among Adolescents with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Parent and Adolescent Perspectives.

Affiliation

University of Texas at Austin, School of Nursing, TX, United States of America. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder among females. The foundation of PCOS self-management is engaging in healthy lifestyle habits, however, there is limited literature regarding adolescents' transition to PCOS self-management. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to explore parental and adolescent views of the transition to PCOS self-management.
METHODS : A qualitative descriptive approach was used through focus groups (N = 4) with adolescents diagnosed with PCOS and their parents.
RESULTS : A total of seven adolescents and eight parents participated in two focus groups each. The primary theme from the parent groups was Concerns for Transition to Self-Care with the subthemes of facilitation versus direction and recognition of personal habits. The primary theme identified from the adolescent groups was Taking Control with subthemes of managing symptoms, cognitive dissonance, support, and balance.
CONCLUSIONS : Study findings provide insight into the experiences of adolescents with PCOS and their parents as they navigate both a family-level transition in health habits and anticipate the adolescent transition to self-management as an emerging adult.
CONCLUSIONS : Nurses and other health care providers can help facilitate transition to self-management among adolescents with PCOS by encouraging increased independence in health behavior decisions while they are still living at home. Middle and older adolescents who begin to take ownership of their physical activity, nutritional choices, and sleep hygiene will have a firm foundation on which to build as they transition into life beyond high school.

Keywords

Adolescent parenting,Adolescents,Polycystic ovary syndrome,Self-management,