Triptolide reverses helper T cell inhibition and down-regulates IFN-γ induced PD-L1 expression in glioma cell lines.


Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Immunosuppression is one of hallmark features in many cancers including glioma. Triptolide, a natural compound purified from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii, has been reported to inhibit PD-L1 otherwise known as the B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1) expression in breast cancer. The purpose of this paper is to test the effects of Triptolide on T cell inhibition in glioma cells.
METHODS : We labeled T cells and cocultured with Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and Triptolide treated glioma cells. The effect on inhibition of T cells as well as subtypes of T cells was measured by Flow Cytometry. We also tested the expression of PD-L1 in six glioma cell lines.
RESULTS : We found that Triptolide could reverse T cell inhibition especially CD4+ T cell and induced IFN-γ secretion. In addition, Triptolide could also induce interleukin-2 secretion and overcome interleukin-10 inhibition caused by glioma cells under IFN-γ treated condition. Triptolide could also down-regulate IFN-γ induced PD-L1 surface expression in glioma cells.
CONCLUSIONS : These results suggest that Triptolide may be used to reverse CD4+ T cell inhibition caused by glioma cells and is an alternative candidate for targeting PD-L1, one of the checkpoint inhibitors for the treatment of glioma.


CD4+ T cells,Glioma,PD-L1,Triptolide,