Two-step strategy for constructing hierarchical pore structured chitosan-hydroxyapatite composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

Affiliation

Li TT(1), Zhang Y(2), Ren HT(2), Peng HK(2), Lou CW(3), Lin JH(4).
Author information:
(1)Innovation Platform of Intelligent and Energy-Saving Textiles, School of Textile Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin, 300387, China; State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes, Tiangong University, Tianjin, 300387, China.
(2)Innovation Platform of Intelligent and Energy-Saving Textiles, School of Textile Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin, 300387, China.
(3)Innovation Platform of Intelligent and Energy-Saving Textiles, School of Textile Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin, 300387, China; Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, Taichung, 41354, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, 40402, Taiwan. Electronic address: [Email]
(4)Innovation Platform of Intelligent and Energy-Saving Textiles, School of Textile Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin, 300387, China; Laboratory of Fiber Application and Manufacturing, Department of Fiber and Composite Materials, Feng Chia University, Taichung, 40724, Taiwan; School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, 40402, Taiwan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Chitosan (CS) combined with hydroxyapatite (HA) was injected into a composite braid, and a hierarchical pore structure scaffold was obtained by freeze drying and cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) technology. The CS/HA/braid scaffold with hierarchical pore structure was analyzed and characterized by scanning electronic microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, true color confocal microscopy, improved liquid replacement method, and phosphate buffer solution immersion. The mechanical properties and degradation ability of the scaffold were evaluated through compression test and degradation test. Results showed that HA addition endowed the core of the scaffold with macroscopic pore sizes of 80-180 μm, and CAP treatment endowed the shell of the scaffold with microscopic pore sizes ≤10 μm. All scaffolds exhibited high porosity and swelling rates of ≥80 % and ≥300 %, respectively. The scaffold with a hierarchical pore structure had good mechanical properties and twice the degradation rate. In addition, the treated scaffold precipitated intact spherical HA crystals. Under the synergistic effect of HA and CAP treatment, scaffolds achieved 277.6 % cell viability compared with pure CS scaffold. Overall, this method was feasible for preparing bone scaffolds with hierarchical pore structure for potential bone tissue engineering.