Ultrasensitive aptamer-based protein assays based on one-dimensional core-shell nanozymes.


School of Materials Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai, 201620, China. Electronic address: [Email]


In enzyme-based immunoassys, the use of natural enzyme has been remarkably restricted by the inconvenience in preparation and storage, especially for point-of-care testing. Nanozymes, which can mimic the functions of natural enzymes, have been regarded as promising alternatives due to their robust stability and convenience in fabrication. Here we fabricated one-dimensional Fe3O4@C core-shell nanostructures via a solvent-thermal method. Thus prepared nanocomposites showed excellent peroxidase-like activity, capable of catalyzing chromogenic substrates into colored products in the presence of H2O2. We then developed a nanozyme-linked aptamer sorbent assay (NLASA) in a sandwich format, in which the as-prepared Fe3O4@C nanowires were employed as catalytic labels for colorimetric detection by naked eyes. In the detection of platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB), this assay reliably exhibited detection limits as low as 10 fM, with a working range from 10 fM to 100 nM. By incorporating G-quadruplex-hemin DNAzyme with Fe3O4@C nanowires, the detection limit could be further lowered to 50 aM. The detection limit of PDGF-BB in 50% human serum was 100 fM. This ultrasensitive, cost-effective and easy-to-operate sensing platform offers new opportunities for protein detection in clinical diagnosis.


Aptamer,Core-shell nanostructure,Nanozyme,One-dimensional,Protein,Ultrasensitive,

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