Uptake, Acropetal Translocation, and Enantioselectivity of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate in Maize Coexisting with Copper.

Affiliation

Song M(1), Jiang L(2)(3), Zhang D(4), Huang Z(1), Wang S(5), Mei W(1), Luo C(1)(2)(3), Zhang G(2)(3).
Author information:
(1)Joint Institute for Environmental Research & Education, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.
(2)State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry and Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Joint Laboratory for Environmental Pollution and Control, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China.
(3)CAS Center for Excellence in Deep Earth Science, Guangzhou 510640, China.
(4)School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.
(5)National-Regional Joint Engineering Research Center for Soil Pollution Control and Remediation in South China, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Integrated Agro-environmental Pollution Control and Management, Institute of Eco-environmental and Soil Sciences, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China.

Abstract

Plant uptake and translocation of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are critical for food safety and raise major concerns. However, those processes are associated with many undisclosed mechanisms, especially when PFOS coexist with heavy metals. In this study, we investigated the effect of copper (Cu) on PFOS distribution in maize tissues by assessing the PFOS concentration and enantioselectivity. The presence of <100 μmol/L Cu exerted a limited effect on PFOS bioaccumulation, while >100 μmol/L Cu damaged the root cell membrane and increased root permeability, resulting in a higher PFOS concentration in roots. The suppression of acropetal translocation might be attributed to Cu inhibition of carrier proteins. The enantiomer fraction (EF) of 1m-PFOS at <100 μmol/L Cu was higher than that in a commercial product (0.5). Racemic PFOS was detected at >100 μmol/L Cu in roots and the EF variation changed from positive to negative in shoots. These EF results evidenced the existence of a protein-mediated uptake pathway. Besides, this study indicated the challenge of chiral signature application in PFOS source identification, given the effects of heavy metals and plants on PFOS enantioselectivity. The findings provide insight into PFOS bioaccumulation in plants cocontaminated with Cu and will facilitate environmental risk assessment.