Use of connectivity mapping to support read across: A deeper dive using data from 186 chemicals, 19 cell lines and 2 case studies.


Mason Business Center, The Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, OH, 45040, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


We previously demonstrated that the Connectivity Map (CMap) (Lamb et al., 2006) concept can be successfully applied to a predictive toxicology paradigm to generate meaningful MoA-based connections between chemicals (De Abrew et al., 2016). Here we expand both the chemical and biological (cell lines) domain for the method and demonstrate two applications, both in the area of read across. In the first application we demonstrate CMap's utility as a tool for testing biological relevance of source chemicals (analogs) during a chemistry led read across exercise. In the second application we demonstrate how CMap can be used to identify functionally relevant source chemicals (analogs) for a structure of interest (SOI)/target chemical with minimal knowledge of chemical structure. Finally, we highlight four factors: promiscuity of chemical, dose, cell line and timepoint as having significant impact on the output. We discuss the biological relevance of these four factors and incorporate them into a work flow.


21st century tox,Connectivity mapping,New approach methodologies (NAM),Next generation risk assessment (NGRA),Read across,Toxicogenomics,

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