Using anxiolytics in a pediatric otolaryngology clinic to avoid the operating room.

Affiliation

Division of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : There is increasing concern regarding the risks associated with the use of general anesthesia in pediatric patients. Many otolaryngologic procedures performed under general anesthesia can also be performed in clinic. We hypothesize that anxiolytics can aid in performing common procedures in clinic thus avoiding the need to undergo general anesthesia in the OR.
METHODS : We performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing inoffice procedures with anxiolytics in our pediatric otolaryngology outpatient clinic between February 2013 and January 2017. Charts were reviewed for age, past medical history, procedure type/duration, and outcome. These results were then compared to a cohort undergoing similar procedures in the OR.
RESULTS : A total of 34 patients underwent an in-office procedure with an anxiolytic. The success rate was 97% (33/34). The average age was 6.2 years. Six children (17%) had a known history of chromosomal abnormalities and 2 children (6%) had autism. The four most common procedures performed were cerumen impaction removal (8), flexible laryngoscopy (6), ear canal foreign body removal (5), and septal cautery (4). Performing similar procedures in the OR resulted in an average additional cost of $822.
CONCLUSIONS : Performing procedures with anxiolytics in a pediatric otolaryngology clinic is safe, expeditious, and cost-effective. Anxiolytics can provide an effective alternative to general anesthesia.

Keywords

Anxiolytic,Clinic procedures,Cost-effective,Minimal sedation,Pediatric otolaryngology,