Acute abdominopelvic pain, a common symptom in emergency department patients, is challenging given the spectrum of differential diagnoses encompassing multiple organ systems, ranging from benign self-limiting to life-threatening and emergent. Diagnostic imaging is critical given its high accuracy and management guidance. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan is preferred given its widespread availability and speed of acquisition. MR imaging may be appropriate, usually performed for specific indications with tailored protocols. It is accurate for diagnosis and may be an alternative to CT. This article discusses the advantages and disadvantages, protocols, and appearances of MR imaging of common diagnoses.