Xenon anesthesia for awake craniotomy: safety and efficacy.


Department of Anesthesiology, Burdenko National Medical Research Center of Neurosurgery, Moscow, Russia - [Email]


The asleep-awake-asleep (AAA) craniotomy is a technique that offers the opportunity of having a patient fully cooperative during the awake phase, and minimizes the possible discomfort, due to the asleep phase. The aim of this prospective observational study was to test the use of xenon in the first asleep phase of an AAA craniotomy, in patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor resection.

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