ZnCdSe-CdTe quantum dots: A "turn-off" fluorescent probe for the detection of multiple adulterants in an herbal honey.

Affiliation

The Modernization Engineering Technology Research Center of Ethnic Minority Medicine of Hubei Province, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

To enhance the power of untargeted detection, a "turn-off" fluorescent probe with double quantum dots (QDs) was developed and coupled with chemometrics for rapid detection of multiple adulterants in an herbal (Rhus chinensis Mill., RCM) honey. The double water-soluble ZnCdSe-CdTe QDs have two separate and strong fluorescent peaks, which can be quenched by honey and extraneous adulterants with varying degrees. Class models of pure RCM honey samples collected from 6 different producing areas (n = 122) were developed using one-class partial least squares (OCPLS). Four extraneous adulterants, including glucose syrup, sucrose syrup, fructose syrup, and glucose-fructose syrup were added to pure honey samples at the levels of 0.5% to 10% (w/w). As a result, the OCPLS model using the second-order derivative (D2) spectra could detect 1.0% (w/w) of different syrups in RCM honey, with a sensitivity of 0.949. The double water-soluble QDs, which can be adjusted for analysis of other water-soluble food samples, has largely extended the capability of traditional fluorescence and will provide a potentially more sensitive and specific analysis method for food frauds.

Keywords

Adulterations,Double quantum dots,Fluorescence probe,Herbal honey,One-class partial least squares (OCPLS),

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