c-Met Expression Is a Useful Marker for Prognosis Prediction in IDH-Mutant Lower-Grade Gliomas and IDH-Wildtype Glioblastomas.

Affiliation

Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : c-Met has been shown to be associated with tumor growth in several human cancers. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between the c-Met expression and histopathologic/clinical characteristics.
METHODS : A total of 153 patients with histologically defined World Health Organization grade II-IV diffuse astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors were analyzed.
RESULTS : For each histopathologic diagnosis, the number of cases and positive rate of c-Met expression are as follows: oligodendroglioma, IDH-mutant, and 1p19q codeletion (OD): 16 cases, 6.3%; anaplastic oligodendroglioma, IDH-mutant, and 1p19q codeletion (AO): 11 cases, 36.4%; diffuse astrocytoma (DA), IDH-mutant: 21 cases, 28.6%; anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), IDH- mutant: 15 cases, 20%; glioblastoma, IDH-mutant: 2, 100%, DA, IDH-wildtype: 9 cases, 33.3%; AA, IDH-wildtype: 20 cases, 30.0%; and glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype: 59 cases, 52.5%. c-Met expression was correlated with progression-free survival in oligodendroglial tumors and glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype. Furthermore, it was correlated with overall survival in AO, oligodendroglial tumors, DA, IDH-mutant, DA, IDH-wildtype, and glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype, and tend to be correlated with overall survival in IDH-mutant lower-grade astrocytic tumors.
CONCLUSIONS : c-Met expression was revealed to be a useful marker for prognosis prediction in IDH-mutant lower-grade gliomas and glioblastoma, IDH-wildtype, representing a new independent prognostic marker that can be easily measured.

Keywords

Chromosome 7,Glioma,IDH,Immunohistochemistry,MIB-1 index,c-Met,

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