[Laparoscopic robot-assisted artificial urinary sphincter in women: First approach].


CHU Montpellier-Nîmes, 4, rue du Professeur-Robert-Debré, 34029 Nîmes, France. Electronic address: [Email]


OBJECTIVE : To analyze the medium-term results and complications of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) AMS 800 implanted using laparoscopic robot surgery in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD).
METHODS : We conducted a prospective cohort study, which included all procedures done in the CHU of Nîmes from July 2015 to January 2017. Patients with SUI by ISD needing an AUS or patients with a malfunctioning AUS needing to be changed were included. We collected data on intraoperative complications, length of hospitalization, postoperative complications, continence rate at twelve months and satisfaction of patients.
RESULTS : Nineteen patients were included, 10 for primo-implantation and 9 for AUS revision. There were 4 postoperative bladder injuries, of which 2 led to laparoconversions. The mean length of hospitalization was 4.1days. Three patients had postoperative complications, which needed an intervention without AUS removal. One patient with persisting SUI due to bladder weakness preferred AUS ablation rather than having a cuff change. There was a median follow-up of 22months (12 to 33months). Sixteen patients out of 19 were completely continent and were satisfied of their intervention and the improvement of their quality of life.
CONCLUSIONS : The laparoscopic robot surgery for AUS implantation is safe and reproducible with good medium-term results.


Artificial urinary sphincter,Femme,Incontinence urinaire d’effort,Insuffisance sphinctérienne,Intrinsic sphincter deficiency,Laparoscopic,Laparoscopie,Robot,Sphincter urinaire artificiel,Stress incontinence urinary,Women,