[Transcultural validation to spanish of the Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care During Hospitalisation Questionnaire].

Affiliation

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu Hospital General, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, España; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : The emotional experience of patients must be ascertained to ensure patient-centred care during hospitalisation. Improving this experience has a positive impact on patient prognosis. Therefore, in order to provide comprehensive care, therefore, patient emotional care needs must be known. The objective of this study was to produce a transcultural translation and validation of the Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation (PEECH) questionnaire.
METHODS : The PEECH consists of three sections resulting in four subscales: level of security, level of knowledge, level of personal value, and level of connection. The questionnaire was translated into Spanish. An expert panel revised the translation until they were satisfied with the outcome. It was then back-translated and submitted to the author for approval. For its validation, 132 hospitalised patients completed the questionnaire. Expert judgement was used to analyse the content validity and factor analysis in order to confirm the construct validity. The Cronbach alpha coefficient was used to measure the internal consistency of the four subscales.
RESULTS : In the confirmatory factor analysis of the four subscales, the weights of all questions were significant (>0.5), with the exception of Q7 (0.416) and Q18 (0.439), which nevertheless met the minimum interpretation level for the structure. In accordance with this criterion, the four subscales were justified.
CONCLUSIONS : The Spanish version of the PEECH questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool to evaluate the perception of emotional care in hospitalised patients. The information gathered can contribute to providing comprehensive care for patients in hospital.

Keywords

Calidad asistencial,Caring,Communication,Comunicación,Cuestionario,Cuidado,Quality of healthcare,Questionnaire,Validación,Validation,

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