Rat sialorphin (Gln-His-Asn-Pro-Arg) is a natural blocker of neprilysin (NEP) that belongs to the family of endogenous opioid peptide-degrading enzymes. Studies have confirmed the efficiency of sialorphin in blocking the activity of NEP, both in vitro and in vivo. It has been demonstrated that this inhibitor has a strong analgesic, anti-inflammatory, immunological and metabolic effect either directly or indirectly by affecting the level of Met/Leu-enkephalins. In this work, sialorphin and their 12 analogues were synthesised using the solid-phase method. The effect of the peptides on the degradation of Met-enkephalin by NEP and metabolic degradation in human plasma was investigated in vitro. We show that the change in the N-terminal amino acid configuration from L to D in almost all peptides, except D-Arg-His-Asn-Pro-Arg (peptide XI), led to the abolition of their inhibitory activity. With molecular modelling technique we explained the structural properties of the L and D-arginine located on the N-terminal part of the peptide. The detailed analysis of the protein binding pocket allowed us to explain why D-arginine is so unique among all D residues. Peptide XI showed the highest stability among the tested peptides in human plasma. For instance sialorphin after a 2-hour incubation in human plasma was almost completely decomposed, while the level of peptide XI dropped to 45% after 48 h under these conditions.