4D Flow MRI Estimation of Boundary Conditions for Patient Specific Cardiovascular Simulation.


Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1111 Highland Ave, Room 2476 WIMR 2, Madison, WI, 53705, USA. [Email]


Accurate image based cardiovascular simulations require patient specific boundary conditions (BCs) for inlets, outlets and vessel wall mechanical properties. While inlet BCs are typically determined non-invasively, invasive pressure catheterization is often used to determine patient specific outlet BCs and vessel wall mechanical properties. A method using 4D Flow MRI to non-invasively determine both patient specific outlet BCs and vessel wall mechanical properties is presented and results for both in vitro validation with a latex tube and an in vivo pulmonary artery stenosis (PAS) stent intervention are presented. For in vitro validation, acceptable agreement is found between simulation using BCs from 4D Flow MRI and benchtop measurements. For the PAS virtual intervention, simulation correctly predicts flow distribution with 9% error compared to MRI. Using 4D Flow MRI to noninvasively determine patient specific BCs increases the ability to use image based simulations as pressure catheterization is not always performed.


4D flow MRI,Fluid structure interaction,Patient specific,Pulmonary artery stenosis,